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Intubation and the Ventilator

Intubation and ventilation are medical procedures used to provide respiratory support to patients who are unable to breathe adequately on their own.  Some people call this Life Support.

Intubation is the insertion of a flexible plastic tube called an endotracheal tube (ETT) through the mouth or nose and into the trachea. The ETT is then connected to a ventilator, which delivers oxygen and air to the lungs and removes carbon dioxide.

The procedure usually takes less than a minute to perform and is done under sedation or anesthesia to prevent discomfort. However, patients may experience a sore throat or hoarseness afterward.

Intubation is used in various conditions, such as respiratory failure, severe pneumonia, trauma, and anesthesia for surgery. It may also be used during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Ventilation, on the other hand, is the process of delivering oxygen and air to the lungs through a mechanical ventilator or breathing machine. It is used to support patients who are unable to breathe adequately on their own due to various medical conditions, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and heart failure.

The duration of mechanical ventilation varies depending on the patient's condition and response to treatment. It can range from a few hours to several days or weeks. The procedure is typically done in the intensive care unit (ICU) under close monitoring or during surgical procedures in the OR.

Patients who undergo intubation and mechanical ventilation may require close monitoring and support after the procedure to prevent complications such as pneumonia, airway injury, or lung collapse. They may also require rehabilitation and physical therapy to recover their breathing function.

Intubation & Mechanical Ventilation (Ventilator) Nucleus Medical Media

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